Bog Plants for Ponds

bog plants in a pond

Bog Pond Plants Love Moisture & Acidic Soil

Bog plants for ponds include any plant that prefers moist soil to slightly soggy soil (more than what you would find in a typical garden but no standing water). A transitional zone will surround a lake, stream, or pond, which will feature an area of relatively moist soil that supports a wide variety of plants in natural environments.

If you want your pond to look natural, include some of these bog plants- such as willows and irises, which can be found right next to a bog.

Planting Bog Plants in Ponds

It is simple to plant bog plants in artificial water features by installing irrigation and blocking drainage. This ensures that the soil remains moist. A bog garden can be built in any area near the pond. This will allow for reflections and increase the perceived size of the pond.

Lower-lying areas of streambanks or pockets of planting offer a variety of foliage contrasts and occasional bursts. This draws the visitor along to enjoy clumps of different forms and textures and creates a series of new frames for views of water itself.

An artificially created bog garden may also not be near water. It can be small, filling a fork in a garden path with full sun or filling a hollow in the shade of a woodland setting. This will allow the gardener to grow a wide variety of bog pond plants, no matter where they are located.

What is the difference between marginal and bog plants?

Bog pond plants thrive in moist soil. However, they do not like water that is above soil level.

Marginal plants can survive in water up to 6 inches (15cm) above their crowns. They can then be planted in shallow parts of the pond or a pot on the bottom.

1.) Iris (Iris germanica)

blue flag iris bog plant

Irises are perennial pond plants that can withstand harsh conditions and produce beautiful, blue-colored flowers. They thrive in full sun to partial shade, and they bloom from the beginning of spring.

Iris beautifies the pond, stabilize the bank, and cycle nutrients to keep it healthy.

Frost tolerance is a feature of Irises. They can grow to 2 to 3 feet in height (60 to 90cm) and reach a maximum height of 2 to 3 feet.

After flowering, they can be divided by removing the middle section and planting the outer parts.

The Blue Flag iris is one of the most popular bog plants for ponds.

2.) Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis)

cardinal flower pond bog plantUsing the Cardinal Flower, you can grow stunning bog plants around your pond’s edges.

They live only for 3-4 years but can reseed readily, so there will be plenty of plants in your garden or pond.

Cardinal flowers can reach 3-4 feet (90-120 cm) in height. They are suited for full sun or partial shade.

Managing This Bog Pond Plant: Once established, the clumps can be divided in fall or spring by separating rosettes and basal offshoots and replanting. To allow the plants to be exposed to sunlight and air, leave the green nodes at their bases on the dried stems of older plants in winter. 

Wildlife: Hummingbirds love nectar found in Cardinal Flower. Deer browsing often damages young plants.

3.) Pickerel Plant (Pontederia cordata)

pickerel rush aquatic plantPickerel plants, also known as Pickerelweed, are another excellent bog plant for ponds.

It can grow in moist soil, but it will also tolerate standing water.

Pickerel plants are long-lasting, spiky flowers, white, pink, or blue.

The tall, blue spikes of Pickerel Weed can be seen in aquatic habitats in late summer and autumn. The deep blue flowers bloom from the bottom upwards and are a nectar source for butterflies. This native perennial grows to 3 feet tall with long, heart-shaped leaves.

Pickerelweed is a good wetland plant. It can be found in shallow water and marshes from Nova Scotia to Minnesota to South America. It blooms between June and November in Virginia’s piedmont and coastal counties.

Thrives in full sun to partial shade and is attracted to moist, muddy soil. Pickerel-weed, an emergent aquatic species, doesn’t like being dried out.

The large edible seeds can be eaten by various ducks, including the wood duck, black duck, green-winged teal, and mallard. Sometimes, white-tailed deer and muskrats will browse the leaves. This plant covers fish and other aquatic wildlife when it forms dense colonies.

This common name implies that the plant and the fish, pickerel, share the same habitat.

Pickerelweed is often used as a food. Every fruit has a starchy, nutritious seed. These seeds can be eaten directly from the plant or dried to make granola or other cereals. You can boil, roast, or grind the dried seeds into flour. Young leaves can be used in salads or cooked with butter and eaten like nuts.

This species is closely related to the Water Hyacinth floating pond plants (Eichhornia crespipes), which clog waterways in many southeastern United States. Although the introduced Water Hyacinth is more prominent, it has blue-violet flowers similar to the Water Hyacinth. However, its stubby leaves float on the water.

4.) Watercress (Nasturtium officinale)

watercress bog pond plant
is a perennial herb grown for its aromatic leaves and young stems. It is widely used in salad garnishing and as a vegetable. The compound leaves are smooth and have three to twelve 1-inch-wide, nearly round leaflets. During growth, stems and leaves are partially submerged. It was brought here by European immigrants. It grows wild in flooded areas and running water across the United States. It is usually kept in unheated shallow pools of clean, flowing water.

Watercress thrives in moderately cool temperatures. Most of the country’s winter supplies are grown in Central Florida. However, very few home gardeners try to produce it.

Watercress may be able to grow in your backyard pond. You can set aside a small area for watercress, such as the inside of a bend. The site should be flat, with a slight slope to the water source.

You can make a plant bed by digging out a 6-inch-deep basin and covering it with 4 to 6 mil polyethylene. The basin’s bottom should be covered with 2 inches of composted soil or peat moss.

You can grow watercress from cuttings or seeds. You can transplant small plants. Because the seeds are tiny, spread them thinly on finely prepared compost. Lightly rake the roots to cover them. Allow 6 inches between the plants for the final stand.

The plant bed should be kept moist but not covered with water. You may need to plant seedlings in pots if you’re using a small portion of a streambed.

Keep increasing the water level until your seedlings are fully grown. This should take about five days. It is not necessary to have water moving in a small area. A slow flow of water is desirable, however.

It is best to experiment with fertilizing watercress—Mix 1 cup of garden fertilizer in 25 square feet of planting soil.

Watercress is rich in vitamins A and C. It contains niacin and ascorbic acid. Thiamine, riboflavin and iron. Watercress can be used in many dishes but rarely consumed alone.

5.) Dwarf Cattails (Typha Minima)

dwarf cattails for bog garden in pond

This is one of the most common pond bog plants. Dwarf Cattail is a beautiful blue-green plant that can grow about 2 feet tall. In August, small catkins about the size of quarters appear. Please place it in a 2-gallon pot and allow it for spreading. You can divide it in the spring. It is an excellent choice for small ponds and container gardens.

Catkins will not usually grow in the first year. Cattails might not produce catkins in zones 9-10, which is warmer.

Dwarf cattail plants can fill any empty spot in a garden or house. These plants are unique because they can do it without any help from their owners. The only responsibility you have for these plants is to recreate their natural environment. This is easier than you might think!

Dwarf cattail plants can be found at elevations between 0 and 3282 feet (1000 m) above sea level. They are found in swamps, marshes, ponds, lakes margins, and flooded banks of clean, pure, slow-flowing water.

Typha minima aquatic plants are excellent marginal aquatic perennials. They can be used in tubs, small ponds, and even aquaculture containers. You can make them stand out if you plant them in large numbers.

The roots, pollen, and seeds of these plants are edible. Boiling roots can be used as a substitute for potatoes. The dried roots can be ground to a powder, making bread, biscuits, cakes, and thickening soups.

When roasted, the seeds of Typha minima plants give off a bittersweet taste. You can also extract edible oil from the roots to flavor and season almost anything.
Dwarf cattail Pollen is hemostatic, anticoagulant and emmenagogue. Some people use it as a traditional treatment for bleeding, postpartum discomfort, kidney stones, digestive problems, abscesses, and injuries.

American Arrowhead, Bog Bean, and Chameleon are the most striking companions for dwarf cattail plants.

Dwarf Cattail Features:

An OverviewTypha is a genus that includes about 30 species. Although most of the specimens are original species, some have been hybridized.

These are the smallest Cattails species, measuring between 12 and 31 inches (30-80cm) in height and 12-18 inches (30-45cm) in width. These aquatic perennials are slim and spread quickly from rhizomes.

Their leaves are a mixture of grass-like, upright, and narrowly arranged, with a length of 8 to 30 inches (20 to 75 cm). They are typically blue-green and turn beautifully golden brown in the autumn. Dwarf cattails bloom from mid-summer to late fall. They produce tiny, cylindrical inflorescences up to 2 inches (5cm) in length.

Both male and female bloomings are found in their inflorescences. The male, staminate flowers are found on the upper part of the inflorescences. However, the pistillate female bloomings are always located on the lower portion.

Male blossoms are tiny and golden yellow. They usually disintegrate, leaving only a single stem tip. The female blossoms will show up as densely packed spikes when the seeds mature. They change color from greenish-brown to a rich brown.
After some time, fertilized Dwarf catstail flowers bear single-seeded, nutlike fruits called achenes. They have long, thin hairs to help water and wind transport their seeds.


Frequently Asked Questions About Bog Plants for Ponds

How deep should bog for pond plants be?

The Bog must be between 12 and 14 inches deep. This will provide enough gravel to maintain plant health but not enough to allow waste accumulation beneath the gravel.

Do pond bogs need drainage?

Be aware that bog garden plants need drainage and air around their root systems. They won’t thrive in too wet or compacted soil and where little drainage is possible.


Last Updated on March 5, 2022 by Davin